• warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/filefield/filefield.module on line 13.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/filefield/filefield.module on line 14.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/imagefield/imagefield.module on line 9.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/imagefield/imagefield.module on line 10.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/bootstrap.inc on line 690.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/module.inc on line 274.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/module.inc on line 274.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/module.inc on line 274.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.module on line 13.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.module on line 15.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/module.inc on line 274.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/module.inc on line 274.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/module.inc on line 274.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/nodewords/nodewords.module on line 367.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/nodewords/nodewords.module on line 367.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/menu.inc on line 346.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/ctools.module on line 108.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/ctools.module on line 108.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/ctools.module on line 108.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/includes/plugins.inc on line 341.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/includes/plugins.inc on line 341.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/ctools.module on line 108.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/includes/plugins.inc on line 341.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/ctools.module on line 108.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/includes/plugins.inc on line 139.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/includes/plugins.inc on line 341.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/includes/plugins.inc on line 757.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/includes/plugins.inc on line 341.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/ctools.module on line 108.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 155.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/themes/engines/phptemplate/phptemplate.engine on line 15.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/themes/engines/phptemplate/phptemplate.engine on line 15.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/ctools.module on line 108.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/includes/plugins.inc on line 341.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/includes/plugins.inc on line 341.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/includes/plugins.inc on line 341.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/ctools/ctools.module on line 108.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 540.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 540.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 540.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 540.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 540.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 552.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/date/includes/date_api.views.inc on line 58.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 540.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1097.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/sites/all/modules/views/includes/handlers.inc on line 77.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/module.inc on line 274.
  • warning: include(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 1066.
  • warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/theme.inc on line 649.
  • warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/spectroscopygroup.com/includes/module.inc on line 274.

Mariola Ramirez

Short Professional Biography

Mariola Ramirez received her B.Sc degree in Physics from the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (UAM) in 2000.

In 2002 and 2005 she received her DEA (equivalent to M.Sc degree) and Ph.D degree in Physics from UAM, Spain.

Between 2006 and 2008 she joined the Materials Research Institute (MRI) at Penn State University, USA, as post-doctoral researcher in the group of Dr. Venkatraman Gopalan. In 2008 she joined the department of Physics of Materials at UAM (Spain) as post-doctoral researcher.

Since 2010 she is a Ramon y Cajal researcher working in the field of photonics (nonlinear optics and confocal spectroscopy in ferroelectric materials) at the department of Physics of Materials, University Autonoma of Madrid (Spain). Mariola Ramirez has published more than 50 papers in international journals.

She has been part of the research team in 15 research projects funded by national and international agencies and her work has been presented at several international conferences.

Research interest

Generation of new optical systems by assembling two dimensional structures on alternate polarity surfaces: Use of alternate ferroelectric domain patterns as templates on which other type of systems, such as rare earth doped optically active nanoparticles or sub-micrometric metallic structures (thin films or nanowires) can be assembled. Fabrication and optical Characterization. Luminescent arrangements with innovative geometries. Generation and control of light in micro/nano-structured photonic materials

Two dimensional nonlinear photonic crystals: Fabrication and optical Characterization of 2D micro/nano-structures of ferroelectric domains in optically active systems for its application as multifrequency converter solid state lasers operating at multiple directions.

Spatially resolved Confocal Spectroscopy: Use of High Resolution Confocal Spectroscopy techniques for the non invasive optical characterization of materials in 3D. Optical visualization of ferroelectric domaisn by employing confocal SHG.

Multiferroics: Study of multiferroic systems with ferro-electric-ferromagnetic coupling. More specifically, my research focused on the study of collective interactions and spin-charge-lattice coupling phenomena in multiferroic oxides using linear (Raman and Fluorescence) and nonlinear (SHG) optical probes in a large temperature range (5K-1000K).

Optical properties in Ferroelectrics: By means of domain engineering or even taking advantage of the as-grown ferroelectric domain pattern in ferroic compounds, we exploit further the intrinsic optical properties of the material to develop electro-optic devices, optically bistable systems or multifuntional solid state lasers.

Multifunctional Solid State Lasers: Optical spectroscopy, nonlinear frequency conversion processes and intracavity laser experiments in optically active solid state materials for its application as multifunctional gain devices. Laser Tunability. Optical deflection.